Homemade Flour Guide: How to Make Flour Easily

how to make flour

Welcome to our homemade flour guide, where we will show you how to make flour easily in the comfort of your own home. Making your own flour can be a simple and rewarding process, and you don’t need expensive equipment to get started. With just a coffee grinder and your choice of grains, you can create freshly milled flour that will elevate the flavor and nutrition of your favorite recipes.

At first glance, the idea of making your own flour may seem daunting, but it’s actually quite simple. With our step-by-step process, you’ll be on your way to enjoying the benefits of homemade flour in no time. Not only will you have control over the coarseness of the flour, but you’ll also be able to experiment with different types of grains to create unique and delicious flavors.

But why should you bother making your own flour when you can easily buy it at the store? The benefits are numerous. Store-bought flours may have been sitting on the shelf for weeks, losing flavor and nutrition. By milling your own flour, you can ensure freshness and enjoy the full benefits of freshly ground grains. Plus, milling your own flour can be more cost-effective, as whole grain berries are often cheaper than pre-packaged flour.

So, whether you’re looking to enhance the flavor of your baked goods or you simply want to take control of the flour-making process, our homemade flour guide is here to help. Follow along as we walk you through the steps of choosing the right grains, grinding the flour, and using it in baking. Get ready to elevate your baking to a whole new level with homemade flour!

Benefits of Homemade Flour

Milling your own flour has many benefits. Store-bought flours may have been milled weeks ago, losing flavor and nutrition. By milling your own flour, you can ensure freshness and enjoy the full benefits of freshly ground grains. The process of making flour at home is simple and can be done with basic tools like a coffee grinder. You have control over the coarseness of the flour and can experiment with different types of grains. Additionally, milling your own flour can be more cost-effective, as whole grain berries are often cheaper than pre-packaged flour.

When you make your own homemade flour, you take charge of the entire flour milling process. You have the opportunity to produce flour with higher nutritional value compared to store-bought options.

Milling your own flour allows you to enjoy the full benefits of freshly ground grains. The process is simple and can be done with basic tools, giving you control over the coarseness and type of grains you use. Additionally, it can be a more cost-effective option.

One of the major advantages of milling your own flour is the freshness factor. Store-bought flours often sit on the shelves for weeks, resulting in loss of flavor and nutrients. However, by milling your own flour at home, you can ensure that your flour is fresh and of the highest quality.

Control over the Coarseness

The ability to control the coarseness of the flour is another advantage of homemade flour. Whether you prefer fine or coarse flour for your recipes, you can achieve the exact texture you desire by adjusting the grinding time. This flexibility allows you to experiment with different types of grains and find the perfect consistency for various baking needs.


Milling your own flour can also be a cost-effective option. Whole grain berries are typically less expensive than pre-packaged flour, allowing you to save money in the long run. By purchasing in bulk, you can further reduce expenses and maximize your flour production steps. This is especially beneficial if you regularly bake or prefer using a specific type of flour.

Overall, the benefits of homemade flour are numerous, from improved freshness and flavor to cost savings and the ability to customize the coarseness. By taking control of the flour milling process, you can enjoy a truly rewarding experience and elevate your baking to new heights.

Choosing the Right Grains for Flour Making

When it comes to making your own flour at home, selecting the right grains is crucial. Different grains possess distinct characteristics and will yield varied flavors and textures in the resulting flour.

For instance, wheat berries are commonly used to create whole wheat flour, while rye berries are ideal for making rye flour. However, don’t limit yourself to these options. You can explore a wide range of other grains such as spelt, rice, or quinoa to experiment with unique flavors.

Consider the protein content of the grains as well, as it plays a role in determining the structure of your baked goods. Starting with grains specifically labeled for flour making will ensure the best results.

GrainCharacteristicFlavor ProfileTexture
Wheat BerriesHigh protein contentNutty and slightly sweetVaries based on grinding time
Rye BerriesDense and heartyStrong and distinctDense and slightly coarse
SpeltMore soluble glutenMild and nuttyLight and tender
RiceGluten-freeMild and subtleLight and fluffy
QuinoaComplete proteinEarthy and nuttyLight and slightly crunchy

The Flour Grinding Process

The grinding process is a crucial step in making flour at home. After acquiring the grains of your choice, pour them into the coffee grinder. The amount of grains you put in will determine the amount of flour you get out. It’s recommended to grind no more than halfway full to ensure an even grind.

The grinding time will affect the coarseness of the flour. The longer you grind, the finer the flour will be. If you want a finer flour, you can sift it through a fine mesh sifter and regrind the larger bits. Experiment with different grinding times to achieve your preferred texture.

The grinding process can be both satisfying and rewarding as you witness whole grains transform into finely ground flour. Adjusting the grinding time and sifting the flour can help you achieve the desired texture for your recipes. Whether you prefer a coarser flour for rustic bread or a finer flour for delicate pastries, the grinding process gives you the flexibility to customize your flour according to your needs.

Using Homemade Flour in Baking

Using freshly milled flour in your baking endeavors can lead to delicious results. However, it’s important to understand that homemade flour may behave differently than store-bought flour. One notable difference is the increased vitamin and mineral content in homemade flour, which can result in higher fermentation activity when using yeast.

To start incorporating homemade flour into your baking, it’s recommended to use it as a flavor enhancer in a partially whole grain loaf. This will allow you to become familiar with its properties and observe any unique characteristics it imparts to your bread.

As you gain confidence and experience with your homemade flour, you can gradually increase the percentage used in your recipes. You’ll be amazed by the incredible flavor that bread made with 100% homemade flour can deliver.

Key Considerations for Baking with Homemade Flour:

  • Take note of the increased fermentation activity resulting from the higher vitamin and mineral content in homemade flour.
  • Begin by using homemade flour as a flavor enhancer in a partially whole grain loaf.
  • Gradually increase the percentage of homemade flour in your recipes as you become more comfortable with its behavior.
  • Enjoy the incredible flavor that homemade flour imparts to baked goods.

Pros and Cons of Making Homemade Flour

Making homemade flour has its advantages and disadvantages. On the positive side, homemade flour has several benefits that make it a compelling choice for many baking enthusiasts.

Pros of Homemade Flour:

  • Fresher and more flavorful: Homemade flour is freshly milled, which means it retains its natural flavors and aromas, resulting in more delicious baked goods.
  • Superior nutrition: Store-bought flours often undergo processing that strips away important nutrients. Homemade flour, on the other hand, retains its nutritional value, making it a healthier choice.
  • Cost-effective: Buying whole grain berries in bulk and milling them at home can be a cost-effective option in the long run. While the upfront cost of a grain mill and purchasing grain can be high, the savings over time can outweigh the initial investment.

Cons of Homemade Flour:

  • Expense: Acquiring a grain mill and purchasing grain can be expensive upfront. However, considering the potential long-term savings, many home bakers find it worth the cost.
  • Additional time and effort: Milling flour at home takes extra time and effort compared to buying pre-packaged flour. The milling process itself can be time-consuming, and you need to factor in the time required for cleaning the mill after use.
  • Storage space: Owning a grain mill and storing the grain requires dedicated storage space in your kitchen or pantry. It’s important to have enough room to accommodate the mill and the quantity of grain you plan to store.
  • Learning curve: Using fresh flour and whole grain flours may require some adjustment in your baking techniques. There can be a learning curve in understanding how these flours behave and how they may produce slightly different textures in your baked goods.

Despite these drawbacks, many home bakers find the advantages of homemade flour well worth the investment and effort. However, it’s important to consider your baking needs and preferences before deciding if making homemade flour is the right choice for you.

The Importance of Proper Grain Storage

Proper grain storage is crucial for maintaining the quality of your homemade flour. When buying grains, it’s essential to inspect them for cleanliness and ensure there are no signs of bugs or damage. To prevent spoilage, it’s best to store your grains in a cool, dry place. Using airtight containers can provide added protection against pests and moisture.

It’s also advisable to purchase grain in smaller quantities to avoid prolonged storage, as the quality of flour can deteriorate over time. By taking these steps, you can ensure that your grain stays fresh and your homemade flour remains flavorful.

Benefits of Proper Grain Storage:

  • Preserves the quality and flavor of the grain
  • Prevents contamination from pests and moisture
  • Reduces the risk of spoilage

Tips for Proper Grain Storage:

  • Inspect grains for cleanliness before purchasing
  • Store grains in a cool, dry place
  • Use airtight containers to protect against pests and moisture
  • Purchase grain in smaller quantities to avoid prolonged storage

By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your grains remain fresh and of high quality, resulting in delicious homemade flour for your culinary creations.

grain storage

Choosing the Right Equipment for Flour Making

Choosing the right equipment is crucial for making flour at home. The type of mill you choose will determine the texture and quality of your flour. Two popular options for grinding grains are stone grain mills and manual mills.

Stone Grain Mills

A stone grain mill, such as the Mockmill or KoMo, is highly recommended for its exceptional grinding capabilities. These mills are designed to grind grains to various textures, allowing you to create both fine and coarse flours. Built with reliability and efficiency in mind, stone grain mills are perfect for home use.

Manual Mills

If you prefer a more hands-on approach, manual mills are a great option. The WonderMill and Nutrimill Classic are two popular choices that can effectively grind flour. Manual mills provide a sense of nostalgia and allow you to have complete control over the grinding process.

When choosing a mill, be sure to read the instruction manual provided by the manufacturer. This will help you understand the limitations and recommended usage of your chosen mill, ensuring that you get the best results.

Mill TypeProsCons
Stone Grain Mill
  • Exceptional grinding capabilities
  • Ability to create fine and coarse flours
  • Reliability and efficiency
  • Higher initial cost
  • Requires electricity
Manual Mill
  • Hands-on grinding experience
  • Complete control over the process
  • No electricity required
  • Requires more effort
  • Not as fast as electric mills

Where to Source Grains for Homemade Flour

Sourcing grains for homemade flour can be done both online and locally. Whether you prefer the convenience of online shopping or the experience of shopping in person, there are several options available to buy grain for flour making.

Local Options

If you prefer to support local businesses and have the opportunity to see the grains firsthand, consider the following local sources:

  • Local health food stores: Many health food stores carry a variety of grains suitable for flour making. They may even offer discounts for bulk orders, allowing you to stock up on your favorite grains.
  • Amish or Mennonite stores: These stores often carry an array of quality grains, including heritage and heirloom varieties. Check your local directory or ask for recommendations in your community.
  • Farmer’s markets: Local farmer’s markets sometimes have vendors who specialize in selling grains for grinding. This can be a great opportunity to connect with local farmers and learn more about the origin of the grains.

Online Sources

For a wider selection and the convenience of home delivery, consider purchasing grains for flour making from reputable online companies. Some popular online grain sources include:

  • Ancient Grains: Known for their wide variety of organic ancient grains, including wheat, spelt, and einkorn.
  • Breadtopia: Offers a diverse range of organic grains suitable for flour making, as well as baking tools and resources.
  • Janie’s Mill: Specializes in organic heirloom and heritage grains, carefully sourced and milled to preserve their quality.

When buying grains online, keep in mind that there may be shipping costs involved. However, online sources often provide a wider selection of specialty grains, making it easier to experiment with different flavors and textures in your homemade flour.

Ultimately, the choice between local and online sources for buying grain for flour making depends on your personal preferences, accessibility, and budget. Both options offer a range of grains to suit your baking needs, so you can enjoy the satisfaction of using freshly milled flour in your favorite recipes.

Tips for Successful Gluten-Free Flour Making

Making gluten-free flour requires some adjustments and considerations. Here are some helpful tips to ensure successful gluten-free flour making:

Weigh Your Flour

When working with gluten-free flours, it’s crucial to weigh the flour instead of relying on volume measurements. This is because gluten-free flours have different weights and can vary in density. Investing in a small scale will help you achieve consistent and accurate results in your gluten-free baking.

Adjust Fat Content in Recipes

Gluten-free flours do not absorb fat in the same way that traditional flours do. It’s important to adjust the amount of fat used in your recipes accordingly. Start by slightly reducing the amount of fat and observe the impact on the final product. You may need to experiment with different ratios to achieve the desired texture and taste.

Note Taking and Experimentation

When venturing into gluten-free baking, it’s helpful to take notes during your experimentation process. Record the types of flour used, the adjustments made, and the results obtained. This will enable you to refine your gluten-free baking skills and create personalized recipes that suit your taste preferences.

By following these tips, you’ll be on your way to successful gluten-free flour making and delicious gluten-free baked goods!

gluten-free flour making


Making flour at home is a simple and cost-effective way to elevate your baking. Whether you choose to grind grains in a coffee grinder or invest in a stone mill, the process is straightforward and rewarding. By experimenting with different grains and grinding times, you can customize the texture of your homemade flour to suit your preferences.

Incorporating homemade flour into your recipes will not only enhance the flavor but also provide superior nutrition compared to store-bought flour. The increased freshness of homemade flour ensures that you are getting the full benefits of freshly ground grains. With a little practice and experimentation, you’ll become a skilled flour maker, unlocking the secrets of homemade flour.

So why wait? Start your flour-making journey today and bring a new level of flavor and quality to your baked goods. Enjoy the satisfaction of using your own homemade flour and impress your family and friends with the delicious results.


How do I make flour at home?

Making your own flour at home is simple. All you need is a coffee grinder and grains of your choice. Pour the grains into the grinder and grind them to your desired coarseness. You can sift the flour for a finer texture.

What are the benefits of making homemade flour?

Homemade flour offers superior freshness, flavor, and nutrition compared to store-bought flour. It can also be more cost-effective, as whole grain berries are often cheaper than pre-packaged flour.

How do I choose the right grains for flour making?

Different grains produce different flavors and textures in the flour. Wheat berries are commonly used for whole wheat flour, while rye berries are used for rye flour. Consider the protein content and specifically labeled grains for flour making.

What is the process of grinding flour at home?

After acquiring the grains, pour them into a coffee grinder. Grind them until you achieve your desired coarseness. If you want a finer flour, you can sift it through a fine mesh sifter and regrind the larger bits.

How can I use homemade flour in baking?

Homemade flour can be used in your favorite recipes. However, it may behave differently than store-bought flour. Start by using it as a flavor enhancer in partially whole grain loaves and gradually increase the percentage in your recipes.

What are the pros and cons of making homemade flour?

Homemade flour is fresher, more flavorful, and offers superior nutrition. It can also be cost-effective. However, the upfront cost of a grain mill and the extra time for milling are drawbacks. Whole grain flours may produce slightly different textures.

How do I properly store grains for homemade flour?

Inspect grains for cleanliness and store them in a cool, dry place. Airtight containers can protect against pests and moisture. Purchase grain in smaller quantities to maintain freshness.

What equipment should I use for flour making?

A stone grain mill like the Mockmill or KoMo is recommended for its ability to grind grains to various textures. Manual mills like the WonderMill and Nutrimill Classic are also popular choices. Be sure to read the instruction manual for proper usage.

Where can I source grains for homemade flour?

Grains can be found at local health food stores, Amish or Mennonite stores, farmer’s markets, and online companies like Ancient Grains, Breadtopia, and Janie’s Mill. Buying locally can save on shipping costs, while online sources offer more variety.

Any tips for successful gluten-free flour making?

Weighing the flour instead of measuring by volume is important for consistent results. Invest in a small scale for accuracy. Adjust the fat content in recipes, as gluten-free flours don’t absorb fat the same way traditional flours do.

Do you have any final thoughts on homemade flour?

Making flour at home can be a rewarding and cost-effective way to enhance your baking. With practice, you can achieve superior flavor and nutritional benefits. Start your flour-making journey today and unlock the secrets of homemade flour.

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